In this simple post, I want to share with you about my previous side-project – how I broadcasted radio to Youtube using DigitalOcean and FFmpeg. I decided to try broadcast one of Creative Commons radio stations to Youtube. Running ahead – the radio-station worked on Youtube for 6 days and 24/7. Youtube banned it because one day was playing a music track with another license.
For this project, we will use the droplet on DigitalOcean with Ubuntu 18.04. You can read more about how to create a droplet in the official DO tutorial.
First of all, you need to install FFmpeg. FFmpeg uses for manipulations with audio and video as a command line tool. On Linux we can install it using the following commands:
$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mc3man/trusty-media
$sudo apt-getinstall ffmpeg
The last command should output something like this:
Starting a project
Create a new folder for our project with a single shell executable file:
Further, you will find the already prepared code for main.sh. You only need to copy and paste it:
BITRATE="2500k"# Bitrate of the output video
FPS="30"# FPS video output
QUAL="medium"# FFMPEG quality preset
YOUTUBE_URL="rtmp://a.rtmp.youtube.com/live2"# Youtube RTMP base URL
SOURCE="http://220.127.116.11:5234/stream"# Radio Station
Line 6 – the URL of audio-stream what you want to broadcast. It’s easy for configuration, so you can try to experiment with the values.
Getting Stream key
In this section, we will get a Stream key for line 7 of the script. It’s a unique ID for our stream. Open Youtube using your account and go to “Live streaming”:
When you press “Stream now”, you will be taken to the live-dashboard for the next stream. Go to “Encoder setup”, copy “Stream key” and paste it to the script (line 7):
Also, don’t forget to add a nice picture on line 5.
Running a project
Finally, run the script in the command line:
The terminal should show something similar:
In parallel with this, you can listen to some music in the live-dashboard:
If you hear the radio-stream with music, you have done a good job! The stream will work until you exit from the command line.
In this tutorial, I showed you all my steps about how I broadcasted a radio station to Youtube. I ran it on VPS with Ubuntu v18.04.1 x64. For VPS I used a DigitalOcean. If you have no Digitalocean account, you can sign up with my referral link ( it gives you 100$ of credit for 60 days).
I plan to create the video version of this tutorial, so will be grateful if you subscribe to my Youtube channel.
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